The Bahoruco Mountain Range National Park is part of a submerged mountain range that starts in Central America, passes through Jamaica, emerges in Haiti where it gets the name of the Selle Massif and finishes in the Bahoruco Mountain Range, bordering the provinces of Pedernales, Independencia and Barahona. It represents one of the protected areas with the greatest biodiversity and environmental wealth in this country. Its steep relief, few superficial water tributaries and the rocky soil have avoided the formation of human slums in the areas around the park.
It is located in the National Park Jaragua in the province of Pedernales, and is a stretch of hyper saline waters, 27 km surface area and 1,5 Mts. in depth. The inner part has 24 rocky keys and mangrove swamps where colonies of iguanas Ricord live and migratory and endemic birds nest there. The bird fauna includes: the royal and blue heron, gulls, tijereta, cuchareta, pelicans, the endemic parrot and flamingos. This is considered to be one of the best places for bird watching in the Caribbean.
One of the natural treasures that the Dominican Republic offers the world is located very near the Haitian border. In 1983, in Pedernales, the largest system of protected areas and parks in the country was set up. This includes extensive marine areas and two islands, with a surface area of 1.374 km², (536 on land, 48 insular and 790 marine).
The Lagoon at Cabral or Rincon, 47 square kms., contains the largest body of fresh water in the whole country. Located in the Municipality of Cabral in the province of Barahona, it is used by thousands of migratory birds that fly over the national territory from the north to the southwest.
Apart from being one of the main attractions in the community of Cabral, the Magnetic pole is a place that is embedded in mystery. Where the secondary road forks between the town of Barahona and the community of Cabral, you can see for yourself how a motor vehicle in neutral gear, parked on the lower part of the hill, apparently ignores the force of gravity and moves upwards by itself without any help from outside.
Three small fresh water lakes with crystal clear water are a perfect option to cool off while one of the natural gifts of Pedernales can be enjoyed. Embedded in the depth of the rocks, only two of them are used for tourists.
The Bahoruco Mountain range cradles the greatest registered geologic depression in the whole country, over 1.000 Mts. in depth, surrounding the provinces of Barahona, Independencia and Pedernales. It owes its origins to the pressures exerted by several existing faults in the area, thousands of years back, that brought about the collapse of a huge coral shelf.
The thermal waters at Canoa, the delight of French and Japanese tourists for some years now, are beginning to draw the attention of local visitors and the rest of the world. The bluish color and the strong scent of sulphur in the lukewarm waters of Canoa, that usually reach up to 42° Celsius, are enjoyed by hundreds of visitors, who, stimulated by their curative properties, find in them the panacea of a natural relaxation agent and a regenerative balsam.
The largest lake in the Caribbean originated from a former canal that connected the bay of Neyba with the bay of Porto Prince. This happened because of the sinking of the western part of the land and the sediments dragged by the Yaque del Sur River isolated the body of water that gradually continued evaporating because of the dryness of the climate, until forming what today we know as the Enriquillo Lake.
Cachote es una aldea situada en el bosque nublado de las alturas del Bahoruco Oriental, en los linderos del Monumento Natural Padre Miguel Fuerte. Es un paraíso para los observadores de aves, de las que se han reportado más de 30 especies.
En este lugar se puede disfrutar de hermosos paisajes, de eventos culturales, canyoning, turismo científico, caminatas y de su restaurante de comida ípica. Cuenta con el primer centro ecoturístico de toda la región, manejado por la Microempresa Ecoturistica e Cachote.